Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

The Maturing Person

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Self Actualization:

This level of need to what a person’s full potential is and the realization of that potential.

 “What a man can be, he must be.”

Esteem:

Esteem presents the typical human desire to be accepted and valued by others.

“All humans have a need to feel respected; this includes the need to have self-esteem and self-respect.”

Social:

After physiological and safety needs are fulfilled, the third level of human needs is interpersonal and involves feelings of belongingness.

“Humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance among their social groups, regardless if these groups are large or small.”

Safety:

This level is more likely to be found in children because they generally have a greater need to feel safe.  In the absence of physical safety–due to war, natural disaster, family violence, childhood abuse, etc.–people may post-traumatic stress or transgenerational trauma.

“Individual’s safety needs take precedence and dominate behavior.”

Physiological:

Physiological needs are the physical requirements for human survival.  If these requirements are not met, the human body cannot function properly and will ultimately fail.

“Physiological needs are thought to be the most important; they should be met first.”